Was the Abrahamic covenant of circumcision a covenant of grace, works, or both? Whatever it was, it wasn’t the covenant of grace, the new covenant.
The Old Covenant of Works and the New Covenant of Grace – Edward Hutchinson | The Confessing Baptist.
Posted in: Covenant Theology
, Nehemiah Coxe
, Particular Voices
Tagged: Abrahamic Covenant
, covenant of grace
, Mosaic Covenant
, Particular Baptist
, Sinaitic covenant
, Westminster Confession of Faith
One of the key differences between the Covenant Theology of the framers of the 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith and that of the Westminster Confession has to do with the nature of the Covenant of Grace, that is, the covenant through which sinners are saved. The Westminster Confession presents the view of one over-arching Covenant manifested in several historical covenants (e.g. Abrahamic, Mosaic, New). The 1689 Confession, on the other hand, maintains that prior to the formal establishment of the New Covenant at the time of Christ, the “covenant of grace” consisted only in the form of gospel promises revealed “by farther steps” throughout biblical history. If an individual living before Christ believed these promises, he was redeemed by the future spilled blood of Christ just as surely as believers living today.
Nehemiah Coxe answers the question, Was there an old covenant administration of the covenant of grace?.
Here’s a great little post outlining the true crux of the difference between (2nd London) confessional Particular Baptists and Reformed Paedobaptists. It contains a section from Isaac Backus’ A Short Discription of the Difference Between the Bond-woman and the Free. It explains the Abrahamic Covenant and the Covenant of Grace in terms of Typology and Federal Headship.
Samuel Fisher, in his Bapybaptism Mere Babism, distinguishes between Law and Gospel, the Abrahamic and new covenants, and the promises of each, highlighting The meliority of the new covenant.